Geology and Mineral Map

Geology of Madhya Pradesh :

The oldest group of rocks comprising of Archaeans and Proterozoic formation constitute nearly 45% area of the State. The next younger formation of Carboniferous to lower Cretaceous comprising Gondwana Super Group covers 10% area while the formation of Cretaceous to Paleocene comprising mostly of Deccan Trap basalt constitutes 38% area of the State. A brief geological succession can be expressed as follows:

Geological Succession :

Period/Sub Period Age Geological Formation Associated Mineral Deposits

Recent Pliestocene

1 M.Y. to 18 M.Y.

Alluvium,Laterite & Bauxite

Ground Water Bauxite deposits of Rewa, Satna etc.

Cretaceous to Palaeocene

64 to 97 M.Y.

Deccan Trap Basalt, Bagh, Lametas (Infra -trappean)

Gem varieties of Quartz, Road material, Limestone deposit of Dhar, Jhabua district.

Upper Carboniferous to lower Cretaceous

97 to 320 M.Y.

Gondwana Supergroup

Coal deposits of Betul, Sidhi, Shahdol and Chhindwara, Jabalpur, districts. Clay deposits of Katni, Shahdol district etc.

Proterozoic - III

570 to 900 M.Y.

Bhander Group , Rewa Group

Limestone deposits of Damoh, Katni districts etc. Conglomeratic Diamond field of Panna district.


900 to 1800 M.Y.

Kaimur Group, Semri Group

Diamondiferous kimberlites of panna distt., limestone deposits of mandsaur, rewa, satna distt. Lead-zinc deposits of damoh distt.

Proterozoic I to II


Gwalior Group, Bijawar Group, Chilpi Group

Rock Phosphate of Sagar distt. Dolomite deposit of Mandla district, Iron ore deposit of Jabalpur district (uneconcmic) Minor occurrences of Mn ore.

Proterozoic - I

1600 to 2500 M.Y.

Sausar Group, Aravalli Group

Manganese deposit of Balaghat and Chhindwara distt., Copper deposit of Balaghat. Phosphorite and Mn deposits of Jhabua distt.

Archaean to Proterozoic - I


Sakoli Group Bundelkhand granite

Pyrophyllite-Diaspore of Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur distt., Granite for cutting / polishing.


Older than 2500 M.Y.

Amgaon Group peninsular gneisses, Older granites and Migmatites


Geology and Mineral Map of Madhya Pradesh :

Geology and Mineral Map of Madhya Pradesh